Strength and Conditioning Degree Programs and Training

The fitness industry has a wide scope, encompassing a variety of careers and specializations. From instructing gym classes to coaching professional sports, and from physical rehabilitation to nutrition, there are many different opportunities for students interested in strength and conditioning degree programs and training. And while a degree may not be necessary in some fields, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) asserts that those with a bachelor's degree will see more job opportunities in the fitness industry, as well as the potential for a higher salary.

Strength and conditioning degree programs

There are many options for degree programs related to strength and conditioning. Some students may be interested in helping patients or clients become more physically fit, while others may want to rehabilitate people who are recovering from injury or illness. Some may want to work in a public facility, while others want to practice privately.

No matter your career choice, having a degree can be a benefit to your overall success in the industry, especially considering that this field is directly related to health and wellness. Without a solid foundation of knowledge about industry standards and best practices, your clients or patients could be at risk for becoming seriously injured. In fact, many fitness-related jobs actually require a bachelor's degree, including athletic trainers, exercise physiologists and coaches, according to the BLS. Possible majors of study related to strength and conditioning could include:

  • Exercise science
  • Kinesiology
  • Physical education
  • Physiology
  • Nutrition and fitness
  • Sports medicine

Choosing a degree program will depend on your personal career goals. For example, someone interested in working as a physical education teacher at the elementary or secondary (high school) level may pursue an associate's or bachelor's degree in physical education. Someone whose goal is to work at a health club, fitness, or recreation center may pursue a degree in exercise science. Someone interested in working as an athletic trainer for a university or professional sports program may find that a degree in kinesiology most closely aligns with their goals.

Strength and conditioning training

Once you pick a degree program, your required courses and training will tend to closely align with your topic of choice. Some of the most common courses include the following subjects:

  • Human anatomy and physiology
  • Physiology of fitness and exercise
  • Applied kinesiology
  • Substance abuse
  • Nutrition in health and exercise
  • Nutrition and weight management
  • Sport and exercise psychology
  • Sports medicine and first aid
  • Exercise programming for special populations

When selecting a degree program, students should also inquire into their state's licensing requirements for their career of interest. States and employers may require applicants to possess a specific degree or meet other education requirements such as the completion of an internship. Some states may also require you to obtain strength and conditioning certifications to pursue careers such as personal trainers or fitness instructors. Knowing the requirements of a particular career path or employer can help you select the program that best fits your needs.

Strength and conditioning career outlook

Job opportunities should be plentiful in the coming years for those with the right education and experience. The BLS estimates nationwide job growth for fitness trainers will be 13 percent from 2012-2022. Employment of athletic trainers is projected to grow 21 percent nationwide during the same time period, and job growth for exercise physiologists is expected to grow 9 percent.

The BLS also reports the national average annual wage for athletic trainers in May 2013 was $42,790. However, it is important to note that actual salaries can vary depending upon where an individual lives, their degree, and their expertise and experience. For example, New Jersey was the top paying state in 2013, with athletic trainers earning average incomes of $67,800 in May of 2013.

Texas and California are also in the top five highest-paying states, and also employ the highest number of individuals employed in the fitness category. Elementary and secondary schools, as well as performing arts companies, were the top-paying industries. Athletic trainers in those sectors earned average annual wages of $53,430 and $53,570 respectively.

The BLS says the following percentages represent where athletic trainers were employed in 2012:

  • Colleges, universities and professional schools; state, local and private: 25%
  • Offices of other health practitioners: 15%
  • Hospitals; state, local and private: 13%
  • Fitness and recreational sports centers: 13%

Regardless of which career opportunities interest you, they all begin the same way: with strength and conditioning degree programs. Learn more about online and on-campus opportunities in your area today.


Athletic Trainers, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2013, http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes299091.htm

Athletic Trainers and Exercise Physiologists, Occupational Outlook Handbook, January 2014, http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/athletic-trainers-and-exercise-physiologists.htm

Fitness Trainers and Instructors, Occupational Outlook Handbook, May 2013, http://www.bls.gov/ooh/personal-care-and-service/fitness-trainers-and-instructors.htm#tab-6

Coaches and Scouts, Occupational Outlook Handbook, May 2013, http://www.bls.gov/ooh/entertainment-and-sports/coaches-and-scouts.htm#tab-4

Strength and Conditioning Schools

Refine School Listings
Please enter valid US or Canada Zip.
Matching School Ads

Take a step forward in your career with Bryan University.

With more than 300 online and residential areas of study, Liberty offers programs from the certificate to doctoral level.

Since 1996, Southern California Health Institute has been dedicated and committed to helping students achieve their dreams by providing an exceptional education that enables them to become skilled and successful manual therapists.

As an accredited university with online degree programs in five schools, Capella University is committed to helping you accomplish your goals through a high-caliber educational experience.

Selected Programs:
  • MS - Sport Psychology
The schools below offer related programs that other inquirers have considered.

For more than 35 years, Keiser University has provided student-centered, career-focused education in fields such as health care, business, criminal justice and information technology.